How About a (Virtual) Cuppa? A Highly Selective Introduction to Tea Online
by Roxanne Myers Spencer (Associate Professor and Coordinator, Educational Resources Center, Western Kentucky University Libraries)
Column Editor: Jack G. Montgomery (Professor, Coordinator, Collection Services, Western Kentucky University Libraries)
Column Editor’s Note: From the Huffington Post to Time Magazine Online to WebMD, the Internet is afloat with the health benefits of tea. — JM
Tea Is Good for You
The second most popular beverage on Earth? Yes, tea. Second only to water, tea is the most-consumed beverage on the planet. Why? From help with weight loss to stress relief (there’s a symbiotic relationship there!) to fighting free radicals to improved exercise endurance and more, the humble cuppa — elsewhere in the world the most-consumed beverage — is coming into its own in the United States.
The Blog at HuffPost Healthy Living posted “6 amazing health benefits of tea” (2013). Time magazine online touted “13 reasons tea is good for you” in their Health and Family section (2012). WebMD created a short video clip reporting on the increase in tea consumption and published online articles on the health benefits of different types of tea (2013). After viewing the WebMD material, you can even take a quiz to test your knowledge on green tea! Dr. Oz and Fox News also showcase information on the health benefits of tea.
Getting interested? Good. I’ll put the kettle on, and we’ll learn some more over a nice hot cup of tea. What kind of tea? Glad you asked! We have lots of choices — there are literally thousands of blends of tea in the world, although true tea derives from one plant, camellia sinensis, and a varietal, camellia sinensis assamica. Differences in flavor, color, and benefits derive largely from the processing after the tea leaves are picked.
The four most common types of tea in the West are black (most oxidized or fermented leaves), green (leaves are steamed), oolong (or wu long, fermented, then pan-fired), white (least cured or fermented), and recently gaining in popularity, pu-erh (fermented, raw, or aged tea, often sold in cakes or bricks). It is interesting to note that black tea, as it is popularly known in the West, is referred to as red tea in its country of origin, and indeed the origin of all teas, China.
A (Very) Few Tea Vendors (among Many): A Drop in the Vast Teapot of Online Tea Vendors
Tea grows best in high, moist elevations, and the camellia sinensis plant can be found all over the world. According to the Tea Association of the USA:
Much of the world’s tea is grown in mountainous areas 3,000-7,000 feet above sea level, situated between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn in mineral-rich soil. Leading tea-producing countries include Argentina, China, India, Indonesia, Kenya Malawi, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, and Taiwan (Tea Fact Sheet, 2013).
There are a number of small, artisanal tea gardens in the United States, but the best-known commercial U. S. tea producer is the Charleston Tea Plantation, owned by Bigelow Tea, which produces American Classic Tea.
You say you like flavored teas? Well, sit back and take a fortifying sip or two, this could take a while. Popular online tea vendor Adagio Teas boasts more than 57,166 blends, as of May 2014. How is this possible? Brilliant social media marketing: Adagio customers create and rate tea blends online, often based on popular culture fandom. For example, TV series fandom blends include highly subjective and wildly varied teas based on characters from Sherlock, Dr. Who, and the late, lamented Firefly, to name but a few of the popular groups of blends.
Teavana, now owned by Starbucks, is opening tea specialty stores following the phenomenally successful Starbucks coffee bar model. Originally in upscale malls or freestanding stores, with colorful walls of tea tins and heavy on the Asian style tea accessories, Teavana was perhaps the first national chain to popularize and yuppify tea. Teavana advertises more than 100 teas on their Website.
On the less trendy side, don’t be put off by the crowded, narrow screenspace of the Upton Tea Imports Website (as of this writing). Compared to the more colorful imagery and photos of teas to be found on other vendor sites, Upton comes off as dowdy as Aunt Matilda’s tea parties for the blue-haired set. The Upton difference, however, is in the details. Every one of “the 480 loose teas and tisanes” offered is as eloquently described, carefully sourced, and thoughtfully priced as on other, flashier tea vendor Websites. Their extensive catalog is available in a simple plain white paper format or online as a PDF. Upton Tea Imports is serious about the quality of its tea sources.
Somewhere between the busyness of Upton Tea Imports and the colorful graphics of Adagio Teas or Teavana is the stately yet welcoming Harney & Sons, a family business in upstate New York that imports and blends tea for international royalty — and the rest of us — at reasonable prices. Experience Palm Court, blended for the Plaza Hotel’s elegant room of the same name, or Paris, an hommage to French Breakfast Tea that adds that je ne sais quoi to your morning cuppa. A key to navigating the various tea varieties on the Harney & Sons Website (as of this writing): Click the photo of the white cup of tea nestled in tea leaves — that links to the main page for each blend. Like most online tea vendors, you can try a variety of Harney & Sons original blends in inexpensive sample packets.
Another friendly tea vendor is the English Tea Store, which carries a variety of established brands from Barry’s to Typhoo, in addition to their own blends of tea, many of which are simply delicious and are also available in variety samplers. If you like a good Earl Grey, try their Dorian Grey, Double Bergamot, or Earl Grey Cream. There is even a C02-decaffeinated Earl Grey — not too much of a good thing for the true fan.
Tea and Social Media
Beyond suggesting online sites to buy tea for your patrons, there is a growing social media aspect of tea for the novice as well as the connoisseur. Care to debate the merits of raw versus aged pu-erh? Want recommendations on fair-trade, organically grown white tea? Confused about the caffeine content in green tea? No worries — there’s a forum — and an app — for that. Tea drinkers have always been a social bunch, that much is evident from tea’s illustrious — and common-garden-variety — history (see suggested reading below). Technology has made reaching out to fellow tea-lovers amazingly easy. Tea reviews, tea swaps, tea FAQs, tea Q&As, and virtual tea-tastings abound at sites like Steepster and TeaChat.
Thirsty for more information on this near-miraculous beverage? If you are planning a program about tea, there are some wonderful visuals to illustrate the impact of tea on SharePowered’s “It’s Tea Time: A Collection of Tea Infographics,” or you can add to the wildly creative tea images already posted on Pinterest or Tumblr. From tea parties (of the china teacup variety) to the politics of tea (the beverage, not the party), there have been scores of books written that detail the rise of the humble tea leaf. See below for a handful of titles that showed up repeatedly on several best-of lists.
How people came to drink tea is steeped in legend, so the history of tea picks up more or less when it became a drink fit only for royalty — or a huge cash crop. Take your pick. Now sit back, relax, and enjoy a cup of tea.
Selected Resources about Tea
- Pinterest Tea Boards — www.pinterest.com/search/boards/?q=tea
- RateTea — ratetea.com/ — includes articles, reviews, and information about tea-growing regions
- Reddit — www.reddit.com /r/tea, /r/TeaExchange — discuss and exchange, post photos of tea, teapots, tea sets, etc.
- Steepster — steepster.com — review, exchange, and discuss all aspects of tea
- TeaAdvisor — TeaAdvisor.com — Discussion forums, articles
- TeaChat — www.teachat.com — part of Adagio Teas, this site includes TeaMap, a tearoom directory; TeaChef, recipes using tea; TeaCritic, reviews of various teas; Tea Class (www.teaclass.com) and TeaMuse, a monthly newsletter.
- Adagio Teas. (2014). Tea map app (iPhone): www.adagio.com/iphone/index.html
- Google Play (2014). Tea apps. Retrieved from play.google.com/store/search?q=tea&c=apps.
- Iglesias, S., and Tyler, M. (2013). Tea 2.0 [iPhone tea app]. Retrieved from teaapp.com/ and itunes.apple.com/us/app/tea/id397979692?mt=8.
- Perfect Tea Touch. Teavana cell phone app [iPhone and Android app]. Retrieved from teacoupons.com/blog/teavana-cell-phone-app-perfect-tea-touch.
Blogs & News
- A Tea Addict’s Journal — www.marshaln.com
- Lainie Sips — www.lainiesips.com
- MattCha’s Blog — mattchasblog.blogspot.com
- SpontaneiTea — cazort.teatra.de
- T Ching — www.tching.com
- Tea Blog, Official Blog of the English Tea Store — englishtea.us and related blogs:
- World in a Teapot — teatimewithaccargill.blogspot.com
- Tea Guy Speaks — www.teaguyspeaks.com/
- Tea for Me Please — www.teaformeplease.com
- Tea Magazine — teamag.com
- The 39 Steeps — 39steeps.blogspot.com
- The Half-Dipper — www.half-dipper.blogspot.com
- Walker Tea Review — walkerteareview.com
- Whittard of Chelsea Blog — www.whittard.co.uk/customer/whittard_blog
- World of Tea — www.worldoftea.org
- World Tea News — www.worldteanews.com
Vendors are a very small corner of the huge online tea world.
- Adagio Teas — www.adagio.com
- Arbor Teas — www.arborteas.com
- Art of Tea — www.artoftea.com
- Charleston Tea Plantation, American Classic Tea — www.charlestonteaplantation.com
- Culinary Teas — www.culinaryteas.com
- English Tea Store — www.englishteastore.com/
- Harney & Sons — www.harney.com
- Mariage Frères (France; UK site) — www.mariagefreres.com/boutique/UK/welcome.html
- Mighty Leaf — www.mightyleaf.com
- Tea Gschwendner — www.teagschwendner.com/US/en/Homepage.TG
- Teavana — www.teavana.com
- Teavivre — www.teavivre.com
- Upton Tea Imports — www.uptontea.com
- 19 Lessons on Tea: Become an Expert on Buying, Brewing, and Drinking the Best Tea, A Guide by 27Press, 2012.
- A Decent Cup of Tea, by Malachi McCormick, Clarkson Potter, 1991.
- For All the Tea in China: How England Stole the World’s Favorite Drink and Changed History, by Sarah Rose, Penguin Books, 2011.
- New Tea Lover’s Treasury: The Classic True Story of Tea, by James Norwood Pratt, Publishing Technology Associates, 1999.
- Tea, by Lydia Gautier, Chronicle Books, 2006.
- Tea: History, Terroirs, Varieties, by Kevin Gascoyne, Francois Marchand, and Jasmin Desharnais, Firefly Books, 2011.
- The Book of Tea (expanded edition), by Okakura Kakuzo and Bruce Richardson, Benjamin Press, 2011.
- The Harney & Sons Guide to Tea, by Michael Harney, Penguin, 2008.
- The New Tea Companion (2nd edition), by Jane Pettigrew and Bruce Richardson, Benjamin Press, 2008.
- The Story of Tea: A Cultural History and Drinking Guide, by Mary Lou Heiss and Robert J. Heiss, Ten Speed Press, 2007.
- The Tea Drinker’s Handbook, byFrancois-Xavier Delmas,Mathias Minet,Christine Barbaste, Abbeville Press, 2008.
- The Tea Enthusiast’s Handbook, by Mary Lou Heiss and Robert J. Heiss, Ten Speed Press, 2010.
- American Tea Masters Association — teamasters.org/
- Association of Tea Bloggers — www.teabloggers.com
- Fair Trade USA, Product Certification Tea Program — fairtradeusa.org/certification/producers/tea
- Tea Association of Canada/Association du Thé du Canada — www.tea.ca
- Tea Association of the USA, Tea Council USA, Specialty Tea Institute — www.teausa.com
- United Kingdom Tea Council — www.tea.co.uk
- United States League of Tea Growers — usgrowntea.wordpress.com
Caicedo, R. (2012, November 7). My Japanese green tea: Tea apps for the iPhone [Web log]. Retrieved from http://www.myjapanesegreentea.com/tea-apps-for-the-iphone.
Dick, R. H. (2014). Tea.Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia.Retrieved from Grolier Online http://gme.grolier.com/article?assetid=0285360-0.
Gebely, T. (2013, March 4). Where tea is grown in the United States [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://www.worldoftea.org/us-grown-tea.
Kirkpatrick, K. (2013, June 30). Six amazing benefits of tea [Web log post]. HuffPost Healthy Living: The Blog. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kristin-kirkpatrick-ms-rd-ld/tea-health-benefits_b_3504917.html.
Meharg, D. (narr.). (2011). Truth about tea. WebMD Daily. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diet/video/truth-about-tea.
Newcomer, L. (2012, September 4). Thirteen reasons tea is good for you. Time: Health and Family. Retrieved from http://healthland.time.com/2012/09/04/13-reasons-to-love-tea/.
Scott, P. S. (2013, September 13 ). Health benefits of green tea. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/features/health-benefits-of-green-tea.
SharePowered. (2014). It’s tea time: A collection of tea infographics. Retrieved from http://sharepowered.com/its-tea-time-a-collection-of-tea-infographics/#.
Tea Association of the U.S.A., Inc. (2013). Tea fact sheet 2013. Retrieved from http://www.teausa.com/14655/tea-fact-sheet.
Tea Council. (February 2014). Tea and health brochure. Retrieved from http://www.teausa.com/teausa/images/Tea_Council_-_Tea_&_Health_Brochure_-_2.14.pdf.
WebMD. (2011). Quiz: The truth about tea. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diet/rm-quiz-green-tea.
Wikipedia Contributors. (2013, November 10). Tea production in the United States. InWikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tea_production_in_the_United_States&oldid=581026889.
Zhou, P. (2014). Geography of tea. About.com Education. Retrieved from http://geography.about.com/od/economic-geography/a/Geography-Of-Tea.htm.
Leah was appointed Executive Director of the Charleston Conference in 2017, and has served in various roles with the Charleston Information Group, LLC, since 2004. Prior to working for the conference, she was Assistant Director of Graduate Admissions for the College of Charleston for four years. She lives in a small town near Columbia, SC, with her husband and two kids where they raise a menagerie of farm animals.